Forest yeld

More efficient use of forest areas, with broad knowledge on the unwanted effects of species management and less stress on ecosystems.

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Forest yield is measured by the volume of wood per hectare or tons of pulp per hectare. Klabin has one of the highest forest productivity rates in the world for the Eucalyptus and Pínus genera, and the objective is to maintain this position, including in line with the Klabin Agenda for Sustainable Development (KSDGs), materialized in goals for all short, medium and long term management until 2030, for maintenance and increased productivity. Thus, the need for planted area is reduced, with the preservation of native areas.

Several research projects were developed for the production of improved genetic material and the selection of eucalyptus hybrids with high pulp productivity. In these genetic improvement projects, the growth of hundreds of developing clones, the quality of the wood, the tolerance to pests and diseases were evaluated.

Six eucalyptus clones with high production potential were protected (patented)by the Ministry of Agriculture in 2020, with productivity 22% higher than the existing forest base. These new clones will be planted in the coming years to form the forest base for the 2020-2030 plans for productivity growth.

With regard to the pine genus, a new, more tropical species is being planted, Pinus maximinoi, capable of generating 20% ​​more wood to supply our factories, without loss of properties and quality in the final product, such as fluff pulp.

With more targeted management recommendations for the operational program, the operational area and forest quality were structured in recent years to guarantee the company’s productivity increase and forest expansion projects with quality plantations and excellent forestry management.

The recommendations of species and clones were made based on knowledge of soil and climate. New soil mapping and meteorological station installations were conducted in 2020 for better coverage and knowledge of the planting area where the company operates. Monitoring analyses of soil fertility were also conducted to optimize productivity and the use of natural resources. Learn more

For the vigorous growth of the forest, investments were made in research to evaluate and monitor pests and diseases in order to mitigate impacts and conduct biological controls if necessary. Additionally, a very challenging project was initiated in 2020, aiming at the development of a bio-based product for the control of leaf-cutting ants in the forestry sector.

R&D is focused on innovation and technology transfer in forest management, aiming to enhance the productivity of Klabin’s forests. Interactions of biotic and abiotic factors are evaluated for the allocation of pine and eucalyptus forests in order to capitalize the productive gains of each genus, according to the regions in which the Company operates.

To that end, we have specialists dedicated to the areas of genetic improvement for eucalyptus and pine, biotechnology and cloning, nutrition and forestry, ecophysiology and forest protection.

Klabin is constantly attentive to research related to transgenic species. However, and above all else due to guidelines related to the certification of the forests, the company does not use them in its processes.

Productivity curve, segmented by pine and eucalyptus

Productivity indicator – pine
39 m³/ha/year
Productivity indicator – eucalyptus
54 m³/ha/year

In 2021, 8% of the executive directors currently have a variable compensation tied to Forest yeld performance. Apart from them, 90 leaders (from consultants to managers, which represent 13% of them) also managed to develop variable compensation tied to the company’s specific goals.