Energy use

Active and leading proposition to contribute to the improvement of the national renewable energy standard.

Goals 2030

KSDGs 2030

Reduce the share of fossil fuels to guarantee an energy matrix consisting of at least 92% renewable sources.

Percentage of renewable energy in the fuel energy matrix 
20202019
89.94%89.54%

To reach the goal, Klabin foresees investments in low carbon technologies (biomass gasification, tall oil plant, bio-oil plant, biomass boiler, among others) that will contribute to the Company concluding the successful trajectory to reach a renewable matrix.

KSDGs 2030

100% of certified electricity purchased from renewable sources.

Percentage of certified electricity from renewable sources
2020
62%
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Management system

The Puma unit is ISO 50001:2018 certified for its Energy Management System. Thus, it maintains systematic internal and external audits. In addition to the public targets considered in the 2030 Agenda, we also consider targets for power generation, which are one of the criteria for the profit sharing program of all employees of tha unit. In 2020, the Tall Oil* plant of the Puma Unit came online, increasing the share of renewable fuels in the energy matrix.

The other industrial units follow the control and monitoring of the energy indicator in accordance with ISO 14001 certification.

*Tall Oil is a byproduct of pulp production, obtained from the separation of tall oil soap from burnt black liquor to generate steam and electricity.

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Figures and fees for energy consumed and sold

Energy consumption from non-renewable fuels within the organization

   2020 201920182017
 UnitResponsibleGoal for the yearResponsibleResponsibleResponsible
Total non-renewableGJ    8,138,649.86         
7,338,135.6

8,229,487.19
    7,897,217.11    8,421,715.37
Total non-renewable fuelGJ    6,521,458.33 –    6,482,968.14    6,261,563.81    6,726,627.00
Natural gasGJ    1,906,427.52 –    1,859,677.84    1,654,529.93    1,544,884.00
Fuel oilGJ    4,119,937.90 –    4,165,393.55    4,119,543.39    4,695,937.00
LPGGJ        480,616.64 –        444,240.63        460,608.87        446,586.00
Stationary diesel oilGJ          14,476.27 –          13,656.12          26,881.62          39,220.00
Total other non-renewable sourcesGJ    1,617,191.53                                –      1,746,519.05    1,635,653.30    1,695,088.37
Purchased non-renewable energyGJ    1,617,191.53 –    1,746,519.05    1,635,653.30    1,695,088.37
   2020 201920182017
 UnitResponsibleGoal for the yearResponsibleResponsibleResponsible
Total non-renewableMWh    2,260,736.07     2,038,371.00    2,285,968.66    2,193,671.42    2,339,365.38
Total non-renewable fuelMWh    1,811,516.20 –    1,800,824.48    1,739,323.28    1,868,507.50
Natural gasMWh        529,563.20 –        516,577.18        459,591.65        429,134.44
Fuel oilMWh    1,144,427.19 –    1,157,053.76    1,144,317.61    1,304,426.94
LPGMWh        133,504.62 –        123,400.18        127,946.91        124,051.67
Stationary diesel oilMWh             4,021.19 –             3,793.37             7,467.12          10,894.44
Total other non-renewable sourcesMWh        449,219.87 –        485,144.18        454,348.14        470,857.88
Purchased non-renewable energyMWh        449,219.87 –        485,144.18        454,348.14        470,857.88

Energy consumption from renewable fuels within the organization

   2020 201920182017
 UnitResponsibleGoal for the yearResponsibleResponsibleResponsible
Total renewableGJ  60,997,022.86        53,812,994.40  55,506,235.47  51,296,560.76  53,102,972.00
Total renewable fuelGJ  58,162,148.68 –  55,314,271.85  51,069,750.50  52,911,946.00
BiomassGJ  20,955,597.80 –  18,627,631.41  17,568,544.99  21,128,715.00
Black liquorGJ  36,729,606.72 –  36,304,324.98  33,096,853.86  31,420,144.00
Tall Oil TarGJ        128,393.96 –        173,187.23        256,008.69        210,117.00
HydrogenGJ        158,296.56 –        161,575.47        148,342.96        152,970.00
MethanolGJ          190,253.64 –          47,552.76 – –
Total other renewable sourcesGJ        2,834,874.18 –        191,963.62        226,810.26        191,026.00
Hydraulic energyGJ        2,834,874.18 –        191,963.62        226,810.26        191,026.00
   2020 201920182017
 UnitResponsibleGoal for the yearResponsibleResponsibleResponsible
Total renewableMWh     16,943,617.46        14,948,054.00     15,418,398.74     14,249,044.66     14,750,825.56
Total renewable fuelMWh     16,156,152.41 –     15,365,075.51     14,186,041.81     14,697,762.78
BiomassMWh       5,820,999.39 –       5,174,342.06       4,880,151.39       5,869,087.50
Black liquorMWh     10,202,668.53 –     10,084,534.72       9,193,570.52       8,727,817.78
Tall Oil TarMWh             35,664.99 –             48,107.56             71,113.53             58,365.83
HydrogenMWh             43,971.27 –             44,882.08             41,206.38             42,491.67
MethanolMWh             52,848.23 –             13,209.10                            –                              –  
Total other renewable sourcesMWh             787,465.05 –             53,323.23             63,002.85             53,062.78
Hydraulic energyMWh             787,465.05 –             53,323.23             63,002.85             53,062.78

Amount of energy consumed and sold

   2020201920182017
 UnitResponsibleResponsibleResponsibleResponsible
Electricity consumption*GJ
 14,812,992.77
        14,238,808.56     13,972,803.45     13,707,541.69
Consumption for heatingGJ – – – –
Consumption for coolingGJ – – – –
Consumption for steamGJ – – – –
Electricity salesGJ       3,626,682.59          3,282,673.68       3,199,269.71       3,077,550.00
Sales for heatingGJ – – – –
Sales for coolingGJ – – – –
Sales for steamGJ – – – –

*The category involves electricity generated by thermal and hydroelectric sources and purchased electricity.

   2020201920182017
 UnitResponsibleResponsibleResponsibleResponsible
Electricity consumption*MWh       4,114,720.22          3,955,224.60       3,881,334.29       3,807,650.47
Consumption for heatingMWh – – – –
Consumption for coolingMWh – – – –
Consumption for steamMWh – – – –
Electricity salesMWh       1,007,411.83              911,853.80           888,686.03           854,875.00
Sales for heatingMWh – – – –
Sales for coolingMWh – – – –
Sales for steamMWh – – – –

*The category involves electricity generated by thermal and hydroelectric sources and purchased electricity.

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Energy consumption by type

  Unit202020192018
Total energy consumptionGJ     78,704,791.38        72,949,025.90     68,331,658.31
Electricity consumption from the gridGJ       4,283,487.59          4,433,236.99       4,139,558.78
Percentage of electricity from the grid%5.4%6.1%6.1%
Biomass energy consumptionGJ     54,186,915.89        51,822,469.94     47,722,137.83
Biomass energy percentage%71.4%71.0%69.8%
Consumption of other renewable sources (excluding biomass)GJ           168,578.10              191,963.62           226,836.00
Percentage of other renewable sources (excluding biomass)%0.2%0.3%0.3%
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Energy consumption outside of the organization

  Unit2020201920182017
Total energy consumption outside the organizationGJ    2,761,321.25    2,906,892.76    2,397,656.83    2,484,497.85
Total energy consumption outside the organizationMWh        767,033.68        807,470.21        666,015.79        690,138.29

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Energy intensity

Energy intensity

Unit2020201920182017
Quantity producedton 4,454,653.87 4,368,164.12 4,235,263.86 4,461,077.89
Energy consumption within the organizationGJ 78,704,791.38 72,949,025.90 68,331,658.31 70,459,590.69
Energy intensity within the organizationGJ/ton 17.67 16.70 16.13 15.79
Energy consumption outside of the organizationGJ 2,761,321.25 2,906,892.76 2,397,656.83 2,484,497.85
Energy intensity outside the organizationGJ/ton 0.62 0.67 0.57 0.56
Total energy consumptionGJ 81,466,112.63 75,855,945.66 70,729,315.15 72,944,088.54
Total energy intensityGJ/ton 18.29 17.37 16.70 16.35

(Calculation: non-renewable fuels + renewable fuels + energy purchased – energy sold)

Unit2020201920182017
Quantity producedton 4,454,653.87 4,368,164.12 4,235,263.86 4,461,077.89
Energy consumption within the organizationMWh 21,862,442.05 20,263,625.81 18,981,016.20 19,572,108.53
Energy intensity within the organizationMWh/ton 4.91 4.64 4.48 4.39
Energy consumption outside of the organizationMWh 767,033.68 807,470.21 666,015.79 690,138.29
Energy intensity outside the organizationMWh/ton 0.17 0.18 0.16 0.15
Total energy consumptionMWh 22,629,475.73 21,070,096.01 19,647,031.99 20,262,246.82
Total energy intensityMWh/ton 5.08 4.82 4.64 4.54

Energy intensity by business unit

Unit2020201920182017
Paper business unitGJ/ton 19.92 17.06 18.91 20.82
Pulp business unitGJ/ton 17.62 16.02 17.63 18.28
Packaging business unitGJ/ton 1.10 1.04 1.14 1.12
Recycled business unitGJ/ton 8.01 8.26 7.30 6.58
Bags business unitGJ/ton 0.45 0.43 0.45 0.44
Recycled business unitMWh/ton 2.23 2.29 2.03 1.83
Bags business unitMWh/ton 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.12
Unit2020201920182017
Paper business unitMWh/ton 5.53 4.74 5.25 5.78
Pulp business unitMWh/ton 4.89 4.45 4.90 5.08
Packaging business unitMWh/ton 0.31 0.29 0.32 0.31
Recycled business unitMWh/ton 2.23 2.29 2.03 1.83
Bags business unitMWh/ton 0.13 0.12 0.13 0.12

Ratio of energy intensity inside and outside the organization

Unit2020201920182017
Energy intensity ratioNA 28.50 25.09 28.50 28.36
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Efforts towards energy efficiency and consumption optimization are implemented in our industrial units on a constant basis.

The Company is also engaged in energy production and a progressive increase in the renewable energy matrix, produced from biomass and black liquor.

In this context, the Puma Unit is a highlight for its use of biomass for energy generation. Surplus energy is traded. In 2020, 1,007,412 Megawatt-hours (MWh) were delivered to the Brazilian Electric System, enough to supply the entire state of São Paulo for two and a half days.

Holder of the ISO 50001: 2018 certification, the Puma Unit maintains a routine of internal and external audits of its Energy Management System. At the Puma Unit, energy-related targets impact the Profit Sharing Program (PPR).

In 2020, there was a reduction in energy intensity in the Recycled business.

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Reduction of energy consumption

Reduction of energy consumption

 Unit2020201920182017
Paper business unitGJ     2,581,437.04    4,013,056.93    1,748,582.69
Pulp business unitGJ         649,899.90        147,075.74 –
Packaging business unitGJ           65,690.81 – –
Recycled business unitGJ107,000.52 0 – –
Bags business unitGJ              4,019.42                670.50 –

Note: with the inauguration of the Puma Unit in 2016 and the ramp-up between the years 2016 and 2017, the base year used to calculate the reduction was 2017.

 Unit2020201920182017
Paper business unit MWh                                       –  717,065.841,114,738.04485,717.41
Pulp business unitMWh 180,527.7540,854.37 –
Packaging business unitMWh 18,247.45–                    –
Recycled business unitMWh 29,722.370    – –
Bags business unitMWh –1,116.50 186.25   – 

Note: With the inauguration of the Puma unit in 2016 and the ramp-up between the years 2016 and 2017, the base year used to calculate the reduction was 2017.

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Reduction in energy requirements for products and services

 Unit2020201920182017
Reduction in energy requirements (non-renewable)GJ/ton0.0200.03–  
Reduction in energy requirements (non-renewable)MWh/ton0.1000.10 
Reduction in energy requirements (renewable)GJ/ton –  –    –  –  
Reduction in energy requirements (renewable)MWh/ton–  –  –   –  
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With a 3% increase in production, the company obtained a reduction in specific emissions from 163 to 157 kg CO2eq/t. Reducing Scope 1 absolute emissions and a greater share of renewable fuels in the energy matrix.

There was a 5% reduction in energy consumption outside the company, in the transportation of wood and delivery of products. The result can be explained by improved transportation efficiency.

There was a reduction of 1% in the consumption of fuel oil and an increase of 12%, 1% and 33% in the consumption of biomass, black liquor and methanol, respectively. Reaffirming the Company’s commitment to maintain the energy matrix mainly from renewable sources, we reached the value of 89.94% in the share of these fuels in the 2020 energy matrix.

Considering energy intensity, there was an increase in the Paper, Pulp and Packaging businesses. This was due to increased renewable fuel (5%) and non-renewable (1%) power generation from the units. However, it is important to note that electric energy consumption decreased from 14,238,809 GJ in 2019 to 14,065,674 GJ in 2020, increasing the amount of energy sold to the National Electrical System.

Reductions recorded in 2020 are the result of a process optimizations, conservation and modernization of the units’ equipment. However, there was an increase in the total amount of energy consumption (which includes fuels and purchase), due to Klabin’s total production growth.

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Most of the forest biomass used by the Company comes from the forestry operation itself, wood chips and biomass waste from the process, reducing the risk of lack of input.
In addition, planning is made considering (i) demand and supply of the input and (ii) price volatility, in order to control and mitigate possible risks of lack of supply.
Another important point to be considered is that the Company has been investing in technology, such as biomass gasification, to optimize and make better use of this input.

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Energy use Management

Environmental and climate change management, as well as energy efficiency promotion and encouragement are expressed in the Klabin’s Climate Change Management Guidelines – Adaptation and Mitigation. At the Puma Unit, we count on the involvement of employees, through the Internal Energy Conservation Committee (CICE), which fosters opportunities to reduce energy, steam and compressed air consumption and the elimination of waste among workers.

Klabin is also engaged in energy production and a progressive increase in the renewable energy matrix, produced from biomass and black liquor.

In 2020, two main energy-related goals were announced in the Company’s 2030 Agenda: 1) Reduce the share of fossil fuels to guarantee an energy matrix consisting of at least 92% renewable sources; 2) 100% of certified electricity purchased from renewable sources.

Of the total electricity consumed, 71% is self-generated thermal and hydraulic energy and the remainder is energy purchased from the system, with 62% of the purchase coming from renewable sources.

When we look at the amount of electricity generated by the company and the amount purchased, we have 94% of energy self-sufficiency, that is, of the amount consumed, the company generates almost all of it.

Energy efficiency is a constant to be pursued in Klabin’s environmental management, which is continuously concerned with the optimization of energy consumption in industrial plants. In 2020, Klabin’s units consumed a total of 3,106,090 MWh of energy, generated 2,924,863 MWh and purchased 1,189,858 MWh from the GRID. In addition, the Puma Unit sold 1,007,412 MWh to the national electrical system, representing 34% of the total produced by Klabin. The energy generated by Klabin has an energy matrix predominantly formed by renewable sources, corresponding to 89.94% of the total generated.

In 2021, 76 leaders (from consultants to managers, which represent 11% of them) who are responsible for addressing the theme in the company managed to develop variable compensation tied to the company’s Energy targets.